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TURKISH CITIZENSHIP

Turkish citizenship

Turkey has attracted the attention of international investors, especially in the last decade, due to its standard of living and advanced healthcare system, as well as its scenic beauty. This attention also leads to an increase in citizenship applications. The process of applying for citizenship is not that complicated, but it can be difficult if applicants want to apply on their own. At the moment, Home World Alanya accompanies its clients throughout the process of obtaining citizenship. Below you can find information about obtaining Turkish citizenship by investment.

Citizenship by investment

This is the most convenient way to get Turkish citizenship if you were not born into a Turkish family. According to the decision published on 09/19/2018 and 12/07/2018 in the Official Gazette of Turkey, obtaining Turkish citizenship is possible by purchasing real estate in Turkey in the amount of at least 400,000 US dollars or by making a commitment from a notary to purchase real estate in the amount of 400,000 US dollars. It is also possible to obtain citizenship by depositing 500,000 US dollars in Turkish banks.

The most preferred type of citizenship in recent years is citizenship by investment in real estate, because applicants not only obtain citizenship, but also have consistently profitable investments. The necessary information about citizenship by investment will be presented in the continuation of the article.

How to apply for citizenship?

Home World Alanya guarantees to be with you throughout the citizenship process. First, you buy a property valued at $400,000 and we contact the General Directorate of Land Cadastre and Cadastre (TAPU Office) to make sure you can exercise your citizenship eligibility. After the application is submitted, the staff checks the assessment report and bank transfer documents. An application for citizenship is usually approved within 3 to 7 days. With this approval, we apply to the immigration office on the same day. After applying for ownership, the entire process takes place at the Citizenship Information Office in Istanbul and Ankara. They complete citizenship within 2-6 months.

The advantage of applying for citizenship by investment in Home World Alanya is the most reliable, inexpensive and easy way. Why? Most of these offices charge much more than the brokerage cost. In addition, many of them do not guide you correctly at every stage. You should consider all possibilities and work with a reliable company. Home World Alanya is the leading real estate company in Turkey in terms of selling properties to foreign investors with experience since 2011. In addition, with over 12 local experts on our team, we speak over 10 languages in our offices, including English, Turkish, Russian, German, Arabic and Persian. We know how important it is to be able to communicate in your language and we speak your language.

When applying for citizenship, legal support is also crucial. With our experienced team and the support of our legal team, this process will be easy and smooth for our clients and their families.

Another option is to give Home World Alanya a power of attorney to manage the process for you. We have a Power of Attorney (POA) template that contains only the necessary rights for the purchase process. We have considerable experience and a reputation for zero failure since 2011. (DFor details, see.”Power of Attorney when buying property in Turkey”)

Required Documents for Turkish Citizenship by Investment

  • Application form
    • Valid passport
    • Four passport size photographs of each member of your family
    • Birth certificate
    • Residence permit or valid tourist visa in the passport
    • Health certificate
    • Documents confirming your relationship with your spouse and children (marriage certificate, birth certificates of children), if available
    • Copy of Turkish ID and address of the applicant's relatives in Turkey (if available)
    • Application for tax payment
    • Evaluation report
    • Bank receipt for payment of at least $400,000.
    • Document of ownership or notarized commitment to purchase property

Benefits of Turkish Citizenship

Continuous residence in Turkey for a certain period is not required to qualify for citizenship. You can continue to live abroad and apply for citizenship as soon as you receive a residence permit.

Your wife/husband and children under 18 years of age can acquire citizenship with you at the same time.

When you apply for citizenship, you do not need to declare your assets or income that you currently have in other countries.

Many countries allow Turkish citizens to stay from 30 to 90 days without a visa, and some countries also issue visas on arrival or issue an electronic visa (e-Visa) upon online application.

In addition, you can benefit from visa-free travel to many countries with your Turkish passport.

Types of citizenship

Turkish citizenship by investment

According to the decision published on 09/19/2018 and 12/07/2018 in the Official Gazette of Turkey, one can become a Turkish citizen by purchasing real estate in Turkey for at least USD 400,000 or by committing to a notary public to purchase real estate in the amount of USD 400,000. You can also apply for Turkish citizenship by investing US$500,000 in Turkish banks or by hiring 50 Turkish employees for your workplace. However, you will not be allowed to sell this property for three years.

Birth

According to Article 1 of the Turkish Citizenship Law No. 403, you can qualify for Turkish citizenship if you were born in Turkey or abroad to a father or mother who is a Turkish citizen. However, you cannot obtain citizenship if your father and mother are not Turkish citizens. If the mother and father successfully applied for citizenship, this also applies to children. In addition, those who have lost their Turkish citizenship may be re-naturalized depending on certain conditions.

Turquoise card system

The Government of the Republic of Turkey has created the Turquoise card system to attract high-level qualified foreign teachers, investors or anyone who will contribute to the development of arts, sports, social and cultural activities. (More on the Turquoise Card.)

Wedding

You cannot directly acquire Turkish citizenship through marriage to a Turkish citizen. The applicant must have been married to a Turkish citizen for at least three years at the time of application, and the marriage must be valid. When a person meets these conditions, he/she becomes eligible to "only" apply for Turkish citizenship.

Long term accommodation

Foreigners who have lived in Turkey for five years or more on a residence permit are eligible for citizenship if they did not spend more than 185 days outside the country per year. When you apply, you need to show that you can support yourself financially. In addition, officials will conduct an on-site check and ask you to have an interview in Turkish.

FAQ

Frequently asked questions about the process

Q: How to become a Turkish citizen and how does the process work?
A: After purchasing a property worth more than $400,000, you can apply to the General Directorate of Land Registry (Tapu ve Kadastro Genel Müdürlüğü in Turkish). This is one of the fastest ways to get Turkish citizenship. This application form is sent to the Ministry of Environment and Urbanization. Appraisers check the value of the property, its value must be at least $400,000. But be aware, you will not be allowed to sell this property for three years. Finally, the application is sent to the General Directorate of Population and Citizenship and you receive an invitation for the final signature. Obtaining citizenship is completed within 2 to 6 months.

Q: What documents are needed to obtain Turkish citizenship?
A: After buying a property from us, the Home World Alanya team will help you prepare all the necessary documents.

Q: How can I calculate the exchange rate for USD and Turkish Lira?
A: The General Directorate of Land Registry calculates the lira/dollar exchange rate on the application date based on the exchange rate of the Central Bank of Turkey.

Question: How long does this process take?
A: Obtaining citizenship is completed within 2 to 6 months.

Q: What is the most important point we need to know?
A: The ministry wants to make sure the minimum amount is $400,000. Sworn property valuation companies confirm the correctness of the price to prevent price fraud. Appraisers may have a deviation (difference) up to 20% than its selling price. Therefore, Home World Alanya advises you to buy property with this assessment in mind.

Q: Is there a need for an interview or testing at any stage?
A: No.

Q: Will I be granted citizenship when I complete the requirements?
A: No. First of all, you should make sure that the applicant does not pose a threat to national security.

Q: Do you help with the process of applying for and obtaining Turkish citizenship?
A: Home World Alanya will be with you and guide you through the entire process.

Q: Do I need to come to Turkey to get citizenship?
A: No. Home World Alanya organizes the whole process from start to finish. 

Q: How can I get Turkish citizenship as a stateless person?
A: When buying a property worth at least $400,000, you can apply for Turkish citizenship with a mandatory document proving the applicant's statelessness. (Travel document issued by the United Nations.)

Q: The process of obtaining Turkish citizenship takes about two months. Can I get a residence permit during this process?
A: You and your family can get a residence permit. (No.: 6458/31-J)

Q: If I become a Turkish citizen, do I have to do military service?
A: If you can prove that you have previously served in the military in your home country, or if you are 22 years of age or older on the day you obtained Turkish citizenship, you do not need to do military service in Turkey.

Q: Who can apply for a Turkish passport? What nationalities?
A: All nationalities who buy property in Turkey worth more than $400,000 can apply.

Q: Do I need to live in Turkey to get citizenship?
A: No.

Q: Is it possible in Turkey have citizenship of several countries?

A: The Turkish government allows multiple citizenships. However, you can check this point with the consulate of your country, because some countries, such as China, India and Saudi Arabia, do not recognize multiple citizenship.

Q: When I become a Turkish citizen, do I have to renounce my current citizenship?
A: No, Turkish laws allow dual or multiple citizenship. It depends on the state of which you are a citizen.

Q: Is there an alternative way to get Turkish citizenship?
A: You can apply for the Turquoise Card if your budget is not enough to get Turkish citizenship by investment. The turquoise card serves as the green card of the United States. The turquoise card gives its holder all the rights of citizenship, except for the right to vote and compulsory military service for men.

Q: Can the applicant do any business in Turkey?
A: Yes.

Frequently asked questions about real estate

Q: Do I need to purchase just one property worth more than $400,000, or can it be multiple units?
A: You can purchase various properties with a total value of over $400,000. But you need to apply at the same time for all. If the declared value exceeds USD 400,000, the General Directorate of Land Cadastre and Cadastre accepts applications for citizenship.

Q: Can I be eligible to become a Turkish citizen if I buy a property under construction for which I do not have a title deed in my name?
A: Yes, the Turkish government also recognizes notarized real estate purchase commitments. You can apply for citizenship with a notarized commitment to purchase real estate if the payment amount exceeds $400,000.

Q: I'm buying property on installments. Can I get Turkish citizenship?
A: Yes. You can apply for Turkish citizenship if you have a notarized undertaking to purchase a property, you have paid the installments after 19.09.2018 through a bank, and the total amount of payments exceeds 400,000 USD.

Q: Can I apply for citizenship with a property that I bought earlier?
A: You can apply for Turkish citizenship with a declaration of ownership after 20.09.2018.

Q: Can I buy commercial property with a guaranteed rental income? Does this allow me to get citizenship by investment?
A: Yes, all property types are suitable.

Q: What is the responsibility of the Ministry of Environment and Urbanization?
A:The Ministry verifies with sworn experts that the value declared in the Land Registry exceeds $400,000. The entire value of the property must be paid to the Property Seller by bank transfer.

Q: How to get Turkish citizenship by investment and how does the process work?
A: After purchasing a Real Estate Investment Fund (REIF) of more than $500,000, you can apply with your bank (Halkbank, İş Bank, Akbank or QNB Finansbank). This is one of the fastest ways to get Turkish citizenship. This application form is submitted to the Capital Markets Board of Turkey. We receive a "Document of Approval of Citizenship" from the bank, which is mandatory for applying for citizenship by investment. Home World Alanya will help you collect/fill in all the necessary documents. Finally, the application is sent to the General Directorate of Population and Citizenship and you are invited for the final signature.

Frequently Asked Questions about Acquisition of Citizenship by Family Members

Q: Can my family get Turkish citizenship?
A: Yes. Citizenship is granted to you, your wife/husband and your children under the age of 18.

Q: I have a disabled child/children over 18. Can he get citizenship?
A: If you prove that they cannot take care of themselves, they can obtain Turkish citizenship along with their parents with special documents.

Q: We have a child over 18 years old. Does he/she get Turkish citizenship from us?
A: No.

Q: Is it necessary for the applicant to bring their entire family to Turkey at any stage?
A: There is no need to bring your entire family to Turkey at any stage. You should only have documents belonging to your entire family with you.

Q: Can more than one person apply for the program on the same title deed?
A: Yes. You, your wife (or husband) and all your children under the age of 18.

Power of attorney

Power of Attorney (POA) a legal document that gives a person the right to represent or act on behalf of another person in legal matters. When you give someone a power of attorney, it means that the attorney can act on your behalf with respect to the powers specified in the power of attorney.

POA will help you with many legal transactions such as the transfer of ownership when buying a property in Turkey. However, Home World Alanya advises that only registered and certified lawyers or professional real estate agents issue powers of attorney. In addition, you must be careful to only give power of attorney for the powers your lawyer needs for a limited time. We strongly recommend that you do not issue a general power of attorney that contains full powers.

When you buy a property in Turkey, your Power of Attorney includes the authority to purchase the property on your behalf and connect electricity and water. In this case, the trustee only has the necessary authority, so your trustee cannot violate your rights. You should always think twice when giving the right to sell a property.

Home World Alanya notes that professional guidance is key when giving power of attorney and therefore you should "leave the job to the experts". Our professional team will make this process safe and easy for you. Since 2004, we have been guaranteeing our clients "Zero Failure" thanks to our comprehensive market experience.

Provision of a power of attorney

You can issue a power of attorney at a notary in Turkey. The process usually takes 2 hours. The presence of a lawyer when issuing a power of attorney is not required. In some cases, you may need your trustee's ID details, your passport, and your photo. Also, foreign buyers who do not speak Turkish must have a sworn translator registered with a notary. Turkish notaries have sworn translators who will arrive at the notaries' offices within 15 minutes when they are called. In addition, each Turkish embassy and consulate also acts as a notary abroad by appointment.

Türkiye is part of the "Hague Apostille Convention". If you live in one of the convention countries, you can go to any local notary to issue a power of attorney. Your real estate agent can provide you with a power of attorney template that only includes the necessary powers. Once the power of attorney is issued, you need to have it apostilled with the competent authorities such as the governorate, municipality, etc. Please note that some power of attorney documents are only valid with photos in Turkey, so you ask a local notary to attach your photo. to your power of attorney as required,

FAQ

Q: What is a Power of Attorney (POA)?
A: A Power of Attorney (POA) is a legal document that gives a person (the trustee) the right to act on behalf of another person (the attorney) when notarized. The trustee has the authority to sign legal documents on behalf of the attorney for decisions related to his/her attorney's property, finances, or medical care.

Q: What documents are required to issue a power of attorney?
*: Your original passport and its translation, tax number and two photographs (only for some transactions).

Q: How can I give power of attorney in Turkey?
*: The staff of the notary's office will prepare a power of attorney for you after receiving the necessary documents. A certified translator of a notary office translates power of attorney documents. After signing the documents, you pay the costs and then receive the documents.

Q: Why do I need an interpreter to issue a power of attorney in Turkey?
A: You must have a certified translator to explain the terms in the documents before signing, as the documents are prepared only in Turkish.

Q: How much does a power of attorney cost?
A: The cost is calculated after the power of attorney document is ready, as the notary's office has certain prices depending on the number of characters. So, the cost depends on what is written in the power of attorney.

Q: Do I have to be in Turkey if I want to give power of attorney?
A: No. There are two ways to issue a power of attorney abroad:

  • After making an appointment, you can go to the Turkish Consulate in your country to issue a power of attorney and then send it to your authorized person in Turkey.
    • If you live in one of the countries that have an apostille agreement with Turkey, you go to a notary in your country to issue a power of attorney. You then take it to the appropriate authority (district, municipality, etc.) for apostille. After you send the documents to Turkey, they are sent to the notary office of Turkey for notarization of the translation. Please note that some powers of attorney are only valid with photographs, so you should ask your local notary to add your photo to this power of attorney upon request.

Q: To whom can I issue a power of attorney in Turkey?
A: A power of attorney can be issued to any person who has reached the age of 18 years.

Q: Can children under the age of 18 issue a power of attorney in Turkey?
A: Children under 18 years of age may issue a power of attorney only with the written consent of their parents.

Q: Do I need a photo for a power of attorney?
A: Yes. This is required for a sellable power of attorney, but is not required for other types of power of attorney.

Q: Can I give someone a power of attorney to withdraw money from my bank account?
A: Yes, you can make banking transactions by proxy.

Q: A tax number is required to issue a power of attorney. How do I get a power of attorney if I am outside of Turkey?
A: The passport number is used as a tax number when issuing a power of attorney from abroad. In such cases, the right to obtain a tax number should be added to the power of attorney. This way, your trustee can get your tax number on your behalf.

Q: How many people can issue a power of attorney per person?
A: The number of persons who can issue a power of attorney for the same person is not limited.

Q: What transactions and services can I perform with a power of attorney?
A: A power of attorney gives the trustee the authority to make financial transactions, sign legal documents, or make health care decisions, but there are some exceptions:

  • Your proxy must be a lawyer if you want your documents to be taken to or from the court.
    • Your proxy must be a lawyer if you are making a transaction with immigration.

Turkish citizenship through fund investment

Flexible and new requirements for foreigners to obtain Turkish citizenship have come into effect in the Turkish Parliament. According to the agreement published on September 19, 2018 in the Turkish Official Gazette, the conditions for obtaining Turkish citizenship by foreign investors have been changed. Home World Alanya will assist you with this professional service throughout the Turkish citizenship process.

Information and FAQs about Turkish Citizenship through Fund Investments

  • Minimum investment amount USD 500,000 through banks (Halkbank, İş Bank, Akbank or QNB Finansbank)
    • Funds licensed by the Turkish Capital Markets Board
    • in 2017 the average productivity is 32%
    • Your money and title documents are under the control of the custodian
    • Ernst and Young fund audits

Question: How to obtain Turkish citizenship and how is the process of obtaining citizenship?
Reply: When buying a real estate investment fund (REIF) for more than $500,000, you can apply to a bank (Halkbank, İş Bank, Akbank or QNB Finansbank). This is the shortest way to get Turkish citizenship. Once the application is submitted, this form is sent to the Capital Markets Board of Turkey. As Home World Alanya, we receive a “Citizenship Approval Document” from the bank, which is required to invest in the citizenship application fund. Finally, the application is sent to the General Directorate of Population and Citizenship, and you are invited to sign.

Q: What documents are required to obtain Turkish citizenship?
A: After receiving the funds from us, the Home World Alanya team will help you provide all the necessary documents.

Q: Should I purchase only one fund over $500,000, or can it be multiple funds or bank deposits?
A: You can purchase various funds and place part of the money in bank deposits with a total value of more than 500,000 US dollars. But keep in mind, you need to apply at the same time for everyone. If the values are over $500,000, the Turkish government accepts applications for citizenship.

Question: What is the three-year rule?
A: Keep in mind that you cannot sell your investment for 3 years. But you can receive interest, profit or dividends.

Question: How long does the process take?
A: If all the necessary documents for applying for Turkish citizenship are completed, it takes 2 to 4 months.

Q: Can I purchase a commercial fund with rental income guarantee? Does this allow me to get citizenship by investment?
A: Yes, you can invest in any type of fund. (land fund, housing fund or commercial fund)

Q: Can more than one person use the fund?
A: You, your wife or husband, and your children under the age of 18 use the fund.

Q: How much does Home World Alanya charge for the subsequent maintenance of the process?
A: At Home World Alanya, we are experienced in obtaining citizenship by investment in real estate, which is the most popular way to obtain citizenship. Home World Alanya will help you choose the best value for your money before getting your Turkish passports. We require 2.500 USD + VAT as a fee for our services.

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